Advance mitigation is a form of permittee-responsible compensatory mitigation (compensation) implemented before a permitted impact occurs. It is designed to compensate for future expected impacts. An advance mitigation site generates value — or credits — over time until the site reaches its maximum potential by meeting all of its required performance standards.
Benefits of advance mitigation
- Reduced temporal loss. Successful compensation completed before impacts occur will reduce or eliminate the temporal loss of wetland functions associated with the impact — and is environmentally preferable.
- Decreased risk of failure. The risk of failure decreases as the permittee demonstrates that the compensation site is achieving its goals, objectives, and performance standards.
- More cost effective. Ratios required to offset impacts generally will be reduced due to the decreased temporal loss and risk of failure, making advance mitigation more cost effective.
Who can develop and use advance mitigation
An advance mitigation site can be proposed by any public or private entity. The permittee of the advance mitigation is responsible for site development, management, performance, and protection.
The credits from the advance mitigation can only be used by the permittee that developed the advance site and cannot be sold or transferred to another entity. If a permittee wants the ability to sell or transfer credits to another entity, the compensation project must go through the wetland mitigation banking certification process.
Applicants conduct advance mitigation at their own risk. Establishing compensation in advance of impacts does not guarantee that the advance mitigation will be considered adequate and/or suitable for any specific future impacts.