This has been the third year of La Nina conditions. Weak upwelling off the coast and low river flows of major rivers meant less cold, nutrient-rich, upwelled water was entrained into Puget Sound in late summer and fall.
In October, water conditions in Puget Sound were generally as expected, while Willapa Bay and Grays Harbor were both unusually warm and salty.
Smoky air restricted our flight to only the southern and central Puget Sound. There, we saw blooms in terminal bays, as well as patches of jellyfish. Sediment in Commencement Bay and along shorelines in Totten Inlet was unusual for a dry fall.
A healthy food web has, at its base, a balance of nutrients. Explore what we found over two decades of monitoring.