Water treatment plants produce water for drinking and for industrial businesses. The Washington State Department of Health assures drinking water is safe and reliable. Our role ensures that the water treatment byproducts released from these plants do not harm the environment.
Treatment can involve:
- Filtering and settling out sediment and disease-causing organisms.
- Using chemicals to kill organisms or remove excess minerals and other contaminants.
- Adjusting disinfection and chemicals to reduce scaling or corrosion within the delivery system.
We have developed the Water Treatment Plant General Permit (WTPGP) to help treatment facilities comply with state laws and the Federal Water Pollution Control Act. This permit contains specific requirements and conditions for permittees to protect rivers and other waterbodies that receive wastewater discharges.
The current permit went into effect on September 1, 2019, and expires on August 31, 2024.
Current permit documents
Water treatment plant reports
Between 2014 and 2018, we reviewed data concerning water treatment plants in Washington, including:
- Arsenic monitoring data provided by WTPGP permittees
- Data about raw water sources, finished water production rates, volumes of wastewater discharged, and populations served for more than 900 water treatment plants statewide
The two reports identified below summarize that work and our findings and conclusions.
Does my facility need this permit?
You need this general permit if your water treatment plant discharges wastewater to surface waters and:
- Produces 35,000 gallons per day or more (monthly total divided by the number of days in the month) of finished drinking and industrial water.
- The primary function of the facility is treatment and distribution of potable or industrial water.
- Produces wastewater by filtration processes.
- Is not a part of a larger permitted facility.
Operations not covered by this permit include discharge of wastewater that is:
- Produced by one of the following processes:
- Ion exchange
- Reverse osmosis
- Slow sand filtration
- Sent to a publicly-owned treatment works delegated by Ecology.
- Released to land where runoff or overflow is impossible.
If any of these are the case, you may need an individual permit.
How to request coverage under this permit
Apply online through SecureAccess Washington and use the WQWebPortal to submit your NOI (Notice of Intent), or contact the permit administrator in your region.
See instructions for applying online.
Previous permit documents
- Permit (Effective September 1, 2014)
- Permit (Effective September 1, 2009)
- Permit (Effective July 16, 2004)
- Permit (Effective Dec. 3, 1997)
For assistance, contact your permit administrator