Water treatment plants produce water for drinking and for industrial businesses. The Washington State Department of Health assures drinking water is safe and reliable. Our role ensures that the water treatment byproducts released from these plants do not harm the environment.
Treatment can involve:
- Filtering and settling out sediment and disease-causing organisms.
- Using chemicals to kill organisms or remove excess minerals and other contaminants.
- Disinfection and chemical adjustment to reduce scaling or corrosion within the delivery system.
We have developed the Water Treatment Plant General Permit (WTPGP) to help treatment facilities comply with state laws and the Federal Water Pollution Control Act. This permit contains specific requirements and conditions for permittees to protect rivers and other waterbodies that receive wastewater discharges.
The current permit went into effect Sept. 1, 2014, and expires on Aug. 31, 2019.
Current permit documents
Water Treatment Plant reports
During the past four years, we reviewed recent data concerning water treatment plants in Washington, including:
The two reports identified below summarize that work and our findings and conclusions.
- Arsenic monitoring data provided by WTPGP permittees.
- Data about raw water sources, finished water production rates, volumes of wastewater discharged, and populations served for more than 900 water treatment plants statewide.
Permit reissuance — 2018/2019
The current Water Treatment Plant General Permit expires on August 31, 2019. We plan to re-issue an updated general permit for wastewater discharges from water treatment plants in mid-summer 2019. Our process has several steps where we will be asking for feedback from stakeholders and other interested parties.
Workshop and listening session
On July 10, 2018, at Ecology Headquarters in Lacey, WA, and via webinar, we presented our plan for the Water Treatment Plant General Permit and solicited suggestions for the new permit from current permit holders and other interested parties. View the workshop presentation slides (pdf).
Draft Permit and Fact Sheet
On February 20, 2019, we proposed the next version of the Water Treatment Plant General Permit (permit). The final version of this permit will become effective on September 1, 2019.
You may download copies of the draft permit and associated documents via the following links:
Public comment period
Your review of and comments about this draft permit are important. The public review and comment period runs from February 20 through 5:00 pm on April 2, 2019. The public may submit comments to Ecology using any of the following options.
Online (preferred): Submit your comments through our online comments form.
By Mail: James Maroncelli
Washington State Department of Ecology
PO Box 47696
Olympia, WA 98504-7696
In Person: You may provide comments during our public hearing.
Workshop and Public Hearing
The purpose of the workshop is to explain the general permit and to answer questions prior to the formal public hearing. The purpose of the hearing is to provide an opportunity for people to give formal oral testimony and comment on the proposed draft permit. Oral testimony will receive the same consideration as written comments. The public workshop will begin at 10 a.m. on Tuesday, March 26, 2019. The public hearing will begin immediately following the public workshop and will conclude when public testimony is complete.
The workshop and hearing may be attended either in-person at the Ecology location shown below, or as a webinar, where individuals may view the presentation and provide testimony via computer or mobile device. Register to attend via webinar.
March 26, 2019 – 10 a.m.
Washington State Department of Ecology
300 Desmond Drive
Lacey, WA 98503-1274
We will make the final decision on permit issuance after we receive and consider all public comments. If public comments cause a substantial change in the permit conditions from the original draft permit, another public notice of draft and comment period may ensue. We expect to issue the general permit in the summer of 2019.
If you want to be included in future emails concerning the reissuance of the water treatment plant general permit, please email email@example.com.
- Draft permit public comment period: Late Winter/Spring 2019
- Issue final permit: Summer 2019
- Permit effective: Summer/Fall 2019
Does my facility need this permit?
You need this general permit if your water treatment plant discharges wastewater to surface waters and:
- Produces 35,000 gallons per day or more (monthly total divided by the number of days in the month) of finished drinking and industrial water.
- The primary function of the facility is treatment and distribution of potable or industrial water.
- Produces wastewater by filtration processes.
- Is not a part of a larger permitted facility.
Operations not covered by this permit include discharge of wastewater that is:
- Produced by one of the following processes:
- Ion exchange
- Reverse osmosis
- Slow sand filtration
- Sent to a publicly-owned treatment works.
- Released to land where runoff or overflow is impossible.
If any of these are the case, you may need an individual permit.
How to request coverage under this permit
Request coverage under this permit from the following online resources, or contact the permit administrator in your region.
Previous permit documents
- Permit (Effective Sept. 1, 2009)
- Permit (Effective July 16, 2004)
- Permit (Effective Dec. 3, 1997)
For assistance contact your permit administrator