Economic analyses at Ecology

Our economic analyses support proposed rules and permits, as well as a number of other projects and publications. We use real-world data, often collected directly from stakeholders, to comprehensively analyze and model economic impacts from changes in environmental policies and regulations in Washington.
This page provides an overview of Ecology’s economic processes and publications.


Our economists analyze potential economic impacts and benefits from proposed rules, permits, and other projects. Our economics team assists agency environmental programs on a number of projects from legislative reports to responding to information requests.

As part of our analysis, we talk to communities and businesses who might be impacted by Ecology regulations. We collect data (quantitative and qualitative) during these conversations to help us better understand the potential impacts of proposed regulations. By working directly with stakeholders, we increase the accuracy of our economic assessments. Our team uses a variety of tools and models to analyze data and report the results of our economic analyses.
In April of 2017, we restructured our economic analyses conducted for rulemaking, combining a number of previously separate documents into one single publication called regulatory analyses. Similarly, economic impact analyses for permits have been restructured and are now called small business economic impact analyses.
See our Library of Economic Analyses at Ecology that includes the regulatory analyses and small business economic impact analyses.

Economic analyses

Our economists use real-world economic data and comprehensive analysis and modeling to examine potential impacts from changes in environmental policies and regulations in Washington. Our team regularly reaches out directly to potentially impacted stakeholders to assist in data collection and fact-checking. We also consult published literature and other state, federal, and local agencies during data collection and analysis.
Ecology completes economics for rulemakings, permits, and other projects. The analyses examine compliance costs and benefits as well as costs and benefits to the environment and human health. Our economic analyses fall into three publication types:
  • Regulatory analyses – related to rulemakings
  • Small business economic impact analyses – related to general permits
  • Other analyses – (e.g., legislative reports, Chemical Action Plans, and other projects)

Our economic analyses may include the following sections: