Oil transportation is changing in Washington
Historically, 90 percent of crude oil for refining was imported to Washington by vessel and pipeline. New technologies in oil fields in Canada, North Dakota, Montana, and other states mean the U.S. now produces the majority of its own refined oil products.
In 2012, the increase in U.S. oil production strained the capacity of existing oil pipeline infrastructure and caused a sudden shift in the supply chain to transporting oil by rail. In the 2015-17 biennium, the Washington Legislature passed the Oil Transportation Safety Act to protect Washingtonians from the new risks posed by oil trains. Under it, we have:
- Expanded oil spill response planning to cover sensitive areas near railroad lines
- Conducted risk evaluations of Puget Sound and the Columbia River and started work on Washington Rail Traffic and Grays Harbor Vessel Traffic evaluations
- Continued to build out our oil spill response equipment cache grant program
- Started developing oil spill contingency plans for railroads that operation in Washington
Spill prevention is the heart of what we do
Washington has one of the lowest spill rates in the nation and one of the most comprehensive spill prevention, preparedness, and response programs in the nation and world. Our drill program has become a teaching ground for other countries and states. We have good reasons to be vigilant.
- We have five crude oil refineries and one biorefinery in Grays Harbor
- Our shoreline is 2,700 miles long — longer than the coastlines of Oregon and California combined
- Approximately 5,000 vessels transit move in, out and within our waters annually
- We have over 21,000 miles of natural gas and hazardous material pipelines
- And there are over 3,100 miles of railroad tracks – all of which could be oil bearing tracks