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Best Achievable Protection for spill response

We define Best Achievable Protection (BAP) as training procedures, operational methods, and response technologies that are critical to successful oil spill responses. We review response tools and technologies and update our regulatory standards to ensure the maintenance of the highest standards of preparedness over time.

In Washington, we want to have the best achievable protection (BAP) for citizens and the environment. We achieve this by using the best achievable technology (BAT), which includes the use of equipment appropriate for the operating environment, trained personnel, and procedures that ensure the highest level of protection.

We are required to update the oil spill contingency plan rules to ensure Washington achieves the highest standards of protection by requiring best technology, staffing levels, training procedures, and operational methods in oil spill contingency plans.

We coordinate and share research and development information related to oil spill preparedness and contingency planning efforts for facilities, vessels, railroads, and pipelines that are required to have oil spill contingency plans in Washington.

Best Achievable Protection conference

In May 2015, we partnered with the U.S. Coast Guard to co-host a Best Achievable Protection conference. This conference is one of the ways we employ a coordinated approach to identified response issues and potential response resource needs. We're planning to hold another BAP conference in 2018.

Research and development

We currently don't have funding to sponsor research and development projects, but we are interviewing response equipment experts to get their opinions about promising new response technologies. We also track and monitor progress of other federal, state, and industry projects.

Relevant research & development websites:

If you have a research and development source you would like to see listed here, please contact us. Current areas of response technology focus include:

  • Non-floating oil equipment and response tactics.
  • Aerial surveillance, remote sensing, and other detection technologies for oil spills.
  • Common operational picture and situational awareness tools.
  • Alternatives to the concept of Effective Daily Recovery Capacity.
  • Response system effectiveness.
  • Investments in efficient equipment and equipment needs.
  • Review of emerging risks of oil transferred by rail.

Send us your ideas on what categories of training and technology we should review in the future.

Review cycle

We use the BAP 5-year review cycle to:

  • Employ a coordinated and collaborative approach to address identified response issues and potential response resource needs.
  • Help remove technical or regulatory barriers to the implementation of new technologies.
  • Ensure transparency by posting all program areas of review, processes, and actions.

BAP 2013–2015 Review Cycle

Requirement 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Implementation of new BAP contingency plan rule requirements
Group V oils x        
Dedicated storage x x      
Shoreline cleanup x x      
Technical manuals x x x x  
Aerial surveillance x x x x x
4-hour planning standard x x x x x
Vessels of Opportunity x x x x x
Step 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Implement BAP review process steps
Create BAP/BAT review assessment process x x      
Interview experts on new response technologies x x      
Review/rate response technologies and processes x x x x x
Solicit response technologies for review   x x x x
Solicit BAP review focus areas   x x x x
NWACP ad hoc Equipment Committee Meeting (annually)   x x x x
Conduct equipment gap analysis     x x  
Review WAC 173-182 planning standards         x
Convene advisory group to discuss results of BAP review process and planning standard review         x
Announce intent to update WAC 173-192 based on BAP review         x

Areas of BAP/BAT 2013–2017 review cycle focus were identified in 2013.