SEPA checklist guidance, Section B: Animals

We provide guidance to help applicants complete the Animals section of the SEPA Section B: Environmental elements checklist.

5. Animals

a. List any birds and other animals, which have been observed on or near the site or are known to be on or near the site. Examples include:

Information about animal species is available from the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW). Describe if any animal species on site are listed as prohibited, regulated, or invasive.

Additional Resources

b. List any threatened and endangered species known to be on or near the site:

Threatened and endangered species lists are available at:

c. Is the site part of a migration route?

Consider birds, fish, and other wildlife when identifying affected migration routes. Your proposal could have an adverse impacts if the affected area includes rare or unique habitat, wildlife corridors, fish-bearing rivers and streams, lakes, ponds, or other areas where migrating birds are likely to stop.
d. Proposed measures to preserve or enhance wildlife, if any.

Types of mitigation for adverse effects to animals could include:

  • Habitat restoration (native plantings, maintaining water quality and hydrology including temperature, stream flows, protection from human and domestic animal intrusion or noise, light, and glare).
  • Measures to preserve or restore fish and wildlife corridors.
  • Monitoring and ongoing stewardship of habitat with performance measures for adaptive management.
  • Measures to control or eradicate invasive species coming into and leaving the site.

Additional Resources

e. List any invasive animal species known to be on or near the site.
Check the current list of invasive animal species to see if they are known to live in the area of the proposal.